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What is urology?

Urology is a branch of medicine that focuses on diagnosing and treating problems of the male and female urinary systems and the male reproductive organs.

Urologists (doctors who specialize in urology) treat children and adults. They're trained in internal medicine, pediatrics, gynecology and other areas. Most urologists are also trained in surgery because many urological problems are treated with surgery.

Common conditions treated by urologists include:

  • Urinary obstruction.
  • Prostate enlargement.
  • Erectile dysfunction.
  • Urinary incontinence.
  • Kidney stones.
  • Cancer of the bladder, prostate, testes or kidneys.
  • Urinary tract infection.
  • Sexually transmitted diseases.
  • Damage to organs in the urinary system.

For more information on urologists and the conditions they treat, visit the following websites:

Reviewed 9/16/2022

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The information found in the Health Library is for educational purposes only. It is not intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice nor does it represent the views or position of WHMC. Readers should always consult with their healthcare provider for diagnosis and treatment, including for specific medical needs.